Banana: ingredients and calories

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Banana: ingredients and calories


Bananas are one of the most popular types of fruit – we eat them raw, boiled, baked, or grilled, and drink even as nectar in Smoothies or milk shakes. No wonder, because the crooked fruits are not only tasty, but are also full of nutrients and are therefore extremely healthy. Here you can learn more about the ingredients, nutritional value and calories of tropical fruit.

Nutritional value of bananas

Bananas are very nutritious. Depending on their maturity, they contain different amounts of nutrients. They are always rich in carbohydrates, however, varies with the composition: The more ripe a banana is, the less strength and the more sugar it contains.

100 grams of banana provide about:

  • Of 22.8 Grams Of Carbohydrates
  • 2,6 Grams Of Fiber
  • To 1.1 Grams Of Protein (Proteins)
  • 0.3 Grams Of Fat

How many calories are in a banana?

Bananas are one of the calorie bombs among the varieties of fruit. Because 100 grams of the sweet-tasting fruit with an average of 88 to 95 kilocalories (kcal). Since the weight of a normal banana is between 100 and 130 grams, the consumption of such a fruit, so with about 88 to 124 kilo calories.

Who makes just a diet, should make especially dried bananas (banana chips) a bow: Since these, the water has been removed, is their content of fruit sugar is more concentrated. 100 grams of dried bananas bring it therefore to be about 290 calories.

Although bananas contain a lot of calories, they are not more unhealthy than other fruits. Because bananas are also rich in healthy content.

Minerals and vitamins

Bananas contain the minerals potassium and Magnesium, which are important for the function of muscles and nerves, as well as for energy production and electrolyte balance is important. This makes bananas the perfect Snack for in between.

Especially for athletes, an adequate supply of the two minerals is important, since their consumption rises due to intense exercise and sweating. In addition, a lack of potassium and Magnesium, heart rhythm can cause problems.

Other minerals and trace elements in bananas, for example, phosphorus, calcium, iron, and zinc. In terms of vitamins, bananas are not as rich as other fruits, but at least 100 grams of banana to cover 12 percent of the daily requirement of Vitamin C. Also, Vitamin A, Vitamin K and several vitamins of the B group, especially Vitamin B6 are contained in banana.

Bananas for digestive complaints

Bananas are easily digestible and are not food, therefore, only as a baby, but also in the case of intestinal complaints. In the case of diarrhoea it has a high proportion of pectin can help to bind the water in the intestines, and thus relieve the symptoms, while at the same time the body is supplied with Magnesium.

As paradoxical as that may sound, it is first of all: bananas not only help against diarrhea, but also constipation. Because of the dietary fiber pectin stimulates digestion, which is why bananas are also for constipation a good home remedy. However, you should be sure to use ripe bananas, as unripe contain too much hard-to-digest starch.

Ripe bananas are best to digest

The starch content in a banana is decreasing with the degree of maturity of the fruit. While an unripe, green banana starch (long chain carbohydrates) and sugars (short chain carbohydrates) in a ratio of 20:1, this ratio in the case of a ripe banana just the opposite. Because of the ripening, the starch is converted into sugar. Sugar provides the body fast energy, whereas the strength in the body initially divided.

The most easily digestible of a ripe, yellow banana whose peel has been the first brown points. The banana Matures beyond this point, so your shell becomes brown, and loses you your vitamins.

The consumption of unripe, green bananas for other reasons is not advisable: These contain a lot of cellulose, is not digested by the gut and therefore, abdominal pain can trigger.


Purchase and storage of bananas

Bananas ripen after harvesting. Usually you reap in the country of their origin when they are still green and transported cooled slightly (at 13.2 degrees Celsius) in your country of destination. There, you to Mature in so-called ripening chambers, before you get in the sale. This procedure does not harm the quality of the bananas, but on the contrary, Would bananas ripen on the Tree, they would burst open and a floury taste to develop.

Since ripe bananas to get quickly dark spots, it is advisable to pick up in the supermarket slightly green bananas and ripen them at home. A cover, for example made of plastic film, as well as a enclosed Apple or a tomato can accelerate the maturation. For a longer shelf-life of banana, you should.therefore, be separated from ethylene releasing fruits set to be stored and hung up, to avoid pressure points

Bananas should not be stored in the refrigerator. Below about 12 degrees Celsius, the shell changes colour and the Aroma suffers. Ideal storage is at 12 to 14 degrees Celsius, if they are not to be allowed to ripen.

10 facts about bananas

Do you know where the banana came from? Or which bunch of bananas is places in our super markets? Or why the banana is crooked? No? Here you will find ten need to know facts about bananas and the banana plant:

  1. The usual banana fruit is also referred to as a dessert banana or fruit banana. In addition, there is the plantain or vegetable banana that can only be fully ripe eaten raw.
  2. Just like the fruit of the plant genus banana (Musa) or Paradise is called a coward.
  3. Originally the banana is native to Southeast Asia, where it has already been mentioned in the year 600 before Christ, for the first time in the writings.
  4. Among the most important countries of export of bananas in Ecuador, Costa Rica and Colombia, the largest producer of bananas is India.
  5. A banana tree (sometimes called a banana tree) contributes only once fruits and then dies.
  6. From a Botanical point of view, bananas are one of the berries.
  7. In total, there are more than 1,000 different varieties of bananas, including red and pink. The world’s most widely used variety is called “Cavendish”.
  8. After the Apple, the banana is Germany’s most consumed fruit.
  9. Banana peels are often used in the manufacture of animal feed.
  10. A question arises in connection with bananas again and again: Why is the banana crooked? This answer is as simple as it is obvious: The us well-known varieties of Banana bend, to grow to the sunlight. But it can be any kind of Bananas is not crooked – some of them also grow quite straight.

General information on the topic


Calorie traps in the case of fruit and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are healthy and contain only a few calories. Some fruit and vegetables turn out to be, however, as a small calorie bombs. So bananas, Avocados, and… more include, for example,