Black tea, green tea

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Black tea, green tea

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Nearly three million tons of tea are produced worldwide every year. The Germans are still a beginner in tea drinking. According to the statistics of the German tea Association, the German citizens have in the past year, only 18 tons of drunk, which is equivalent to 25 litres per head. Europe’s most prolific tea drinkers, the Irish, come on 300. Only the East Frisians create 260 litres and are still in front of the as a tea lover, well-known English 224 litres. Your competitors of coffee can’t reach the leaves in Germany, although the water that goes past the tea drinkers, but in the Cup: He takes time for his favorite drink, brew the leaves in accordance with the recommendation, selects his dishes carefully and enjoy.

The history of tea

A good quarter of the tea leaves comes from India, the largest Teelieferanten in the world. China, where the drink was first discovered and ever since about 5,000 years ago, is drunk, is today only second, but provides the greatest diversity of varieties. That tea in India was ever grown, was an idea of the Englishman, originally, any tea plants grew in India. The British were in China and Japan to the taste and didn’t want to miss the drink at home.

So you sailed from the middle of the 17th century. Century, the coveted leaves from East Asia to Europe. The damp, musty air in the cargo spaces and extreme climate change on the road affected the flavor of the tea, also the ride is poor and the Wind could take up to a year, what the charge was very expensive.

As to the beginning of the 19th century. Century, the trade with China was difficult, the British tried, in their then-colony India, tea plants grow. The Plant thrived on the Slopes of the Himalayas are magnificent, the Suez canal, and faster ships shortened the trip: tea to the English and the Indian national drink.

By crossing, the breeder received in the course of time, more robust plants that thrive today in less than ideal regions of tea plantations, like Indonesia, Turkey and Parts of Africa.

Green or black?

Whether a tea is black or green, depends on the variety, but the type of processing. The fresh leaves are hung after harvest to Wither, causing you to lose moisture, but not completely dry. Then you come to a circle at the end of the press, the cell walls of the leaves breaks down, allowing cell SAP leakage and contact with air. The contact with the oxygen in the air then continues the Fermentation. This deprives the leaves of the bitter substances and makes them more durable. At the same time you change your color and become brown dark to black.

Green tea is not fermented, but steamed and then dried. Also, it is only since a relatively short period of time under a variety of trade names available, white tea is not fermented. In order to obtain the material for this particularly mild drink, use the tea harvesters in the young, unopened leaf of specific varieties and drying buds, each leaf individually on the air.

“White” is the name of it because the young leaves are covered by a delicate white fluff. He also remains in the Cup quite bright and takes a long Pull of two evils. His supporters rave of his quite exquisite Aroma – who usually drink a strong black Assam, but of the delicate taste of white tea probably once disappointed.

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