Children’s diseases – only for Small?

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Children’s diseases – only for Small?

A red, itchy rash: In adults, you think, often at first an Allergy. However, age does not protect against children’s diseases – as the Name suggests, these can happen to adults, and then often violently. However, what children’s diseases are really?

First of all, diseases as children, all diseases which may in the Small meeting, something close to those that occur in childhood most frequently in focus. This includes respiratory tract infections, tonsils, middle ear, lungs and brain include inflammation of the skin, but also allergies, laryngitis and gastro-intestinal infections. Not always, age, such as fever (including, for the typical symptoms in the child. Febrile convulsions), cough, stomach ache, diarrhea, and vomiting demonstrate a cause.

With the narrowest, at the same time the classic meaning of the term, only certain infectious diseases are meant: three days of fever, whooping cough, polio, measles, Mumps, ringworm, rubella, rubella, scarlet fever and chicken pox.

Similarities

Summing up among children’s diseases, not all diseases can the Small meeting, but only the classic children’s diseases in the narrower sense, have this in common: they are quite contagious. Therefore, the pathogen will always remain beautiful in the circulation, are widely used and it’s early in life in contact with and infected children diseases.

Once through, you are immune for the Rest of your life in front of a recurrence of infection. But: In the last decades, great efforts have been made, children’s diseases and to eradicate or to maintain at least the Individual against infection.

The vaccinations do not, however, have the disadvantage that the thus achieved protection against infection continues often throughout life. A possible consequence is that more and more adults infected for the first time with a children’s disease, namely, when the vaccination generated immunity wears off. Unfortunately, the gradients are often no children, but the Concerned, quite put out of action; also, complications occur in adults more frequently.

And Differences

With the fact that children’s diseases are highly contagious infectious diseases, for all of the applicable similarities. Children’s diseases are caused by viruses or bacteria and are very different – different incubation periods (time between infection and outbreak), the duration of the symptoms from a few days to several weeks, with or without a rash, from mild cold-like symptoms to serious complications. Some of the children’s diseases in pregnancy dangerous, and others harmless for the Unborn. Against some you can’t inoculate against other.

  Incubation time Disease duration
Three days of fever 7-14 days usually 3-4 days, max. 1 week
Whooping cough 7-20 days A preliminary stage of 1-2 weeks, the convulsive stage of 3-6 weeks, recovery period of several weeks
Polio mostly no or mild symptoms about 2-3 days; otherwise, the longer duration of paralysis  
Measles 7-12 days after about 5 days better, some days; in the event of complications; late, creeping a result of: brain skin inflammation (SSPE)
Mumps 14-21 days approximately 1 week; in the event of complications any longer
Ringel rubella 7-18 days a few days symptoms of a cold, a rash, and possibly for weeks
Rubella 14-21 days a few days
Scarlet 3-5 days a few days symptoms of a sore throat, rash and desquamation 1-2 weeks; in the case of complications any longer
Chicken pox 14-21 days Days to weeks
  Rash Life long immunity usually Vaccination mgl.
Three days of fever Yes Yes no
Whooping cough no no Yes
Polio no no Yes
Measles Yes Yes Yes
Mumps no Yes Yes
Ringel rubella Yes Yes no
Rubella Yes Yes Yes
Scarlet Yes no no
Chicken pox Yes Yes; but the shingles as a result of disease Yes

Vaccination

Against most of the childhood diseases as a preventive measure vaccination – the classic vaccinations. Unfortunately, in recent years, increasingly to Controversies between Impfbefürwortern and us is a unique combination, or even enemies. Since these discussions are often emotional and very dogmatically, they help the parents who want the Best for their child and between the individual arguments need to decide very little.

At the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI) in Berlin by the Federal Minister for health appointed expert Committee, the standing Committee on vaccination (STIKO). This speaks constantly updated recommendations. This from the country’s health authorities have been in the “public recommendations“ included, vaccinations, statutory health insurance funds the cost of the protection. In addition, the state is in the case of possible vaccine damage compensation. The disadvantage, however, is that only a universally valid schedule for all persons of the appropriate age group is given; the individual Situation of the child and the parents can not be taken into account.

Since the vaccinations in Germany are not compulsory, at the request of the parents Differ from the General scheme. Therefore, parents should discuss the pros and Cons of vaccinations and the individual approach with your child’s doctor.