Development of the baby in the first three months of life
A Baby comes into the world. For the parents, a new life begins now section that brings a lot of joy and at the same time with a lot of effort is connected. In particular, the first child, many parents are very uncertain about whether or not you do everything correctly, and whether your child is developing normally. An important point of reference for the healthy growth and development of the baby the weight. On average babies weigh after the birth of between 2,800 and 4,200 grams. Many parents are alarmed if your Baby loses in his first two to three weeks of life weight instead of gaining weight. However, this is no cause for alarm, but completely normal. 10 to 15 percent of their birth weight, lose newborns in this period, because they excrete via urine and stools liquid, however, still relatively little food. In the womb the Baby has created enough energy reserves to cope with the “hunger phase”.
Infants grow and learn every day
At the latest after three weeks, the birth weight should be achieved. After that, it goes with the weight quickly upward: In the first three months of life it is doubled – the typical Baby fat is created. After birth, the body fat proportion is only 10 per cent, after four months, there are already 40 per cent. These fat reserves are important, because babies feed on it, for example, if the first infectious diseases to occur.
The first month: Sleeping and reflexes
In the first month of life the newborn is mainly employed in order to adjust to life outside the womb. It may still not sleeping particularly well, since it has to get used to the sleep-Wake rhythm. On average, babies sleep in the first month, however, twenty hours per day. This long sleep time is a self-protection, in order not to be overwhelmed by the many new influences.
In the awake periods, newborns are already amazingly active. They possess from birth a series of reflections, which makes it easier for you to Settle into the new environment. Some of these reflexes, such as the Search or the grasp reflex disappear after a few months, because they are unimportant.
Many of the involuntary reflex movements are later controlled by the Small conscious self. The toy section is not in this life nor necessary – the favorite “toy” of the babies, the face of the parents. The new sense impressions, that is, colors, sounds, voices and smells are stimulation enough for the little citizen of the earth.
The second and third month: Smile and the first toy
In the second and third month of life babies sleep around 15 hours per day. It first approaches of a day-night rhythm show, but take the phases of sleep, usually no longer than five hours. Crying is the most important way for babies to communicate. Parents find out fairly quickly what are the different needs of babies want to Express with your wines. Sometime in these first few months the Baby will smile at his parents for the first Time aware of it. For a few seconds, it can lift its head when lying on her stomach. In this situation, it is also based on the tightened knee and makes crawling movements.
In the second month of life, the hands are closed, mostly in fists, and the Baby clings on to everything you give him. It kicks, plays with his fingers and begins to discover his feet. Parents can now read well in the face of their offspring’s needs and moods. In the third month of life, the posture of the baby is more relaxed. The hands are now opened more often, and arms and legs are stretched. Now the little ones have fun at your first toy. For rattles, teethers or soft, washable (Terry)pet.
The first three months of life the infant is a time in which the parents make with their offspring, and the babies get used to life outside the womb.