Diet for underactive thyroid
There is a connection between an underactive thyroid and diet. The best known is that an iodine deficiency can lead to an under function of the thyroid gland. However, other causes, and prevention can be influenced through proper nutrition, the function of the thyroid positive.
Iodine deficiency as a trigger for an underactive thyroid
The thyroid gland produces two hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Through these messengers, it controls energy metabolism, including the heat balance, the weight increase or decrease and also the heart rate as well as bone metabolism, and in children the growth.
For the production of the T4 and the T3, the thyroid gland requires Iodine, a trace element. Trace elements are supplied to the body with food in small amounts.
Iodine deficiency goiter
The thyroid gland Iodine is missing, you can not produce sufficient quantities of hormones and an under-function (hypothyroidism) can be the result. To compensate, increases the thyroid gland, and goiter (Struma). It is called a goiter.
Overall, the iodine deficiency goiter is rare nowadays. The more common causes of hypothyroidism are diseases of inflammation and auto-immune, as well as a sub-function after a thyroid Operation or irradiation.
When should Iodine be extra fed?
If an iodine deficiency is detected, it should in a be taken under the function of the thyroid with sufficient iodine intake. The recommendation is daily 100-140 µg for children and 180-200 µg for adolescents and adults.
A special case of the pregnancy, while there is an increased need (230-260 µg). To this purpose, there are iodine tablets, which should, however, be in consultation with a doctor taken.
Beware of Iodine in Hashimoto’s disease
Iodine, however, should be does not result in any Form of the sub-function separately. In the case of the so-called Hashimoto’s disease, autoimmune-induced inflammation of the thyroid gland, which can manifest itself as both Over – as well as a sub-function, it can worsen a lot of Iodine of the disease.
For these patients, there are special food supplements. It should be talked about in any case with a physician about the right diet.
Selenium for a healthy thyroid
Another trace element that is important for the function of the thyroid gland is selenium. Missing, among other things, the thyroid hormone triiodothyronine (T3) can not be activated selenium.
Selenium also has a positive, anti-inflammatory effect on Hashimoto’s disease and is prescribed in this disease, in the Form of tablets.
There are also foods that can promote the formation of Maw (English “goiter”). These “goitrogenic” foods interfere with Iodine metabolism and thus the thyroid hormone formation. This includes cabbage, mustard, Radish, sea radish and bitter almonds.
Do you suffer from an enlarged thyroid gland or if you are already taking thyroid hormone pills, you should take this food, neither in raw nor in large quantities.
Diet tips to Prevent Thyroid dysfunction
In General, you should always pay attention to a balanced diet. Important for the formation of thyroid hormones and the trace elements Iodine and selenium.
Foods with a high content of Iodine, especially saltwater fish, such as haddock, plaice, saithe and cod. Also seafood, seaweed, broccoli and cashew nuts contain large amounts of the trace element. An ideal dish is so, for example, Sushi.
Selenium is found in large quantities in pork, fish, nuts, and organ meats (liver and kidney). According to the German nutrition society, a daily intake of 60-70 µg is recommended.