Early detection examinations for children from U1 to J1

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Early detection examinations for children from U1 to J1

The early detection of diseases is an important part of medicine, especially in Pediatrics. Therefore, parents should take advantage of the investigations for the early detection of diseases, due to all of the children in the statutory health insurance. The studies should be a duty of care to the dates of the parental. After the birth of a child, the parents receive a yellow examination booklet. In this book all are recorded screening, therefore it should always be in good hands. The early detection studies can be abbreviated as U1 to U9. For this purpose, a so-called J-study for young people.

What is the purpose of the research?

With the investigations of the physical, mental and social development is reviewed. Thus, development or malfunctions of the child can be recorded and – if necessary – the appropriate therapy will be initiated. Because Many of the health disorders that occur in children, often lay the Foundation for serious disorders in adulthood. The investigations are, therefore, protect a key component to the health of our children.

From U1 to J1

U1: immediately after birth

  • Analysis of the heart and lungs, oxygen content of the blood, skin color, muscle tone, and reflexes

U2: the third to tenth day of life

  • First study of head to toe, including organs, genitals, skin, bone, nervous system, hip joint, metabolic

U3: fourth to sixth week of life

  • Investigation of, inter alia, the functions of the body, hearing, movement, behavior, nutritional status, weight
  • Completed the second month of first vaccination (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type b, polio, Hepatitis B)

U4: third to fourth month of life

  • Thorough investigation – including organs and reproductive parts, hearing and vision, Fontanelle, General agility and responsiveness
  • Second vaccination (see U3)
  • Completion of the fourth month third vaccination (see U4)

U5-sixth to seventh month of life

  • Review, inter alia, the agility and body control, hearing and vision disorders
  • Where Appropriate Revaccination

U6: tenth to twelfth month of life

  • Investigation, inter alia, the functions of the body, the agility and body control, as well as instructions for dental care
  • MMR (measles, Mumps, rubella) vaccination, if appropriate Revaccination

U7: 21. – 24. Month of life

  • The so-called two-year investigation, including Review of the intellectual development
  • MMR Revaccination

U8: three and a half to four years

  • Control of the functioning of the organs, eyesight and hearing, language development, and body control

U9: approx. five years

  • Extensive examination from head to toe: body functions, Vision and hearing, gross and fine motor development, posture, mental, emotional, and social development, the ability to speak. With the U 9, a first evaluation will take place, when the child in school is capable of.
  • Examination of the vaccination record is complete.

J1: 12 to 14 years

  • Check the physical and mental health: height, weight, blood, urine, vaccination status, condition of the organs of the skeletal system, the sensory functions
  • In this study, the young people have the opportunity to speak without the presence of the parents with the doctor about topics such as sexuality, contraception, alcohol, or drugs.

Conclusion

The UN Convention on the rights of the child: “Every child has the right to the highest attainable standard of health.” Parents can do for their children a whole lot. A sense of security and safety for children of elementary. A couple of reason still rules for health. In addition to the regular screening, the need for a balanced diet and adequate exercise for the development of children are important. Combined with an adequate protection, and proper dental care from the very beginning, children have a good Foundation for their future.