Energy drinks: Harmful to health?
Energy drinks are becoming more popular: In the office, you will be consumed in order to increase the efficiency, and on parties to distribute the fatigue. Children and young people are increasingly turning to energy drinks – without having to think, however, the unwanted side effects of the stimulant drinks can cause.
Energy drinks: What’s in it?
Depending on the manufacturer, the ingredients of energy can be drinks are quite different – in General, the drink is however, from the following substances:
- Carbonic acid
- Vitamins and minerals
- Color and aroma substances
Effect of energy drinks
Energy drinks have a stimulating effect: you dispel the fatigue, and should also have a positive influence on our concentration and performance. This effect of energy drinks is mainly due to the caffeine contained in it. In Germany, 32 milligrams of caffeine per 100 milliliters, a maximum of allowed energy drink (250 Milliliter) typically contains about 80 milligrams of caffeine. For comparison: A Cup of coffee, bringing it to 50 to 100 milligrams of caffeine, a large glass of coke to 60 milligrams.
In addition to caffeine even higher amounts of sugar in energy drinks can also lead to a short-term increase in performance. As energy drinks have, due to the high sugar content, a relatively high number of calories, are now also sells sugar-free versions with sweeteners. The extra boost of energy is eliminated, however, by the sugar.
In the case of most energy drinks also have taurine belongs in addition to sugar and caffeine to the ingredients. Taurine has no stimulant effect, to accelerate the effectiveness of the other ingredients. What is the effect of taurine exactly on the body and as a longer-term revenue impact, is not yet finally resolved.
Side effects of energy drinks
In the energy drinks contained caffeine in the drinks can have unpleasant side effects. This is especially the case when energy drinks are consumed in larger quantities. Then, sleep disturbances, headaches, stomach-intestine can lead to discomfort and nervousness.
Therefore, people who (over-)sensitive to caffeine, better to not have energy drinks should drink. Also, energy drinks should not be mothers of Pregnant, lactating and hypertension patients consumed. For children and young people, energy drinks are not suitable, in particular, due to the high caffeine content.
It is especially important to renounce, in connection with sporting activities, as well as alcohol to energy drinks. Otherwise, it can – especially if larger quantities are consumed in energy drinks – more serious side effects occur: heart arrhythmias, kidney failure, and seizures.
Energy drinks and alcohol
At parties, alcohol is frequently mixed with energy drinks to distribute to fatigue or the bitter taste of alcohol. The combination of the two drinks is critical: Since both of these drinks deprive the body of water, it can lead to a severe loss of fluid.
In addition, the combination of the two beverages leads to a subjectively increased evaluation of the performance. This is because the effect of the energy drinks, the alcohol is superimposed: One feels, therefore, less drunk than you actually are. This can, for example, for the assessment of their own driving ability with devastating consequences.
In General, the interaction of energy drinks and alcohol have not yet been sufficiently explored. To avoid damage, should be avoided in any case, the combination of energy drinks with high percentage alcohol.
Energy drinks and sports
Whether athletic performance is due to energy drinks to increase, is controversial. Some studies suggest that the energy of the impact of drinks a positive effect on aerobic endurance performance. Other studies do not confirm this effect. Presumably, the positive effect of the energy is due to the drinks, to the fact that the body is supplied by the drink with extra energy.
However, it is important to note that energy drinks are hypertonic drinks, which deprive the body of liquid. So you can contribute, especially in the case of longer periods of Endurance exercise to a Dehydration of the body. Serious side effects can occur. Therefore, should be made the Sport better on water than on energy drinks.
Energy drinks are unhealthy?
Adults who take in the occasional pure energy drink will not suffer any negative consequences for their health. Nevertheless, you should drink instead of an energy drink, better take a break and the body come to rest. Because of fatigue or performance lows are signs that the body is in need of a break. It should not be a habit, to mask such signals of the body through energy drinks.
In addition, it should also be noted that energy containing drinks often have large amounts of sugar and therefore calories, are rich. The high sugar content can have a negative impact on the teeth as well as on the weight of the body.
Energy drinks are harmful?
The question of whether energy drinks are harmful or not, can’t be a definitive answer. Because studies on the long-term effects of energy drinks and their ingredients on our body. Crucial for the impact of energy drinks on the body, the amount consumed is, of course, always.
In General, however, is that energy drinks by children and adolescents should not be drunk Because no safe levels of Consumption are not yet known, and the high doses of caffeine or taurine are not suitable for you. Especially children and young people with pre-existing conditions such as Diabetes, epilepsy or heart defects should not drink energy drinks.
Be very careful in General with the so-called Energy Shots: These include often the same amount of active Ingredient, such as large energy drinks, however, significantly less liquid is distributed. That’s why you should take prior to the purchase of energy drinks in General, always take a look at the ingredients.