Fat eat without complaints
Fat is not fat. Whether plant or animal origin, saturated or unsaturated, long-chain, medium-chain or short-chain – the type of Fat also affects our health. Here you can find out what kind of fat is in what foods and what you can eat without a guilty Conscience.
MCT-fats in digestive problems
Dietary fats can be a possible cause for symptoms such as flatulence, tendency to diarrhoea, upper abdominal discomfort or fat shiny chairs. A number of diseases related to the Maldigestion and Malabsorption, require the use of special dietary fats called MCTS (medium-chain triglycerides, engl.: middle/medium chain triglycerides). Maldigestion means a bad digestion of food, Malabsorption, poor absorption of Food components by the mucosal cells of the small intestine.
For people with diseases of the pancreas, gallstones, cystic fibrosis, chronic intestinal inflammation, celiac disease/native Sprue, cholagener diarrhea, status post-operative stomach(partial)removal, short gut syndrome, or AIDS, there is help, if fat is not tolerated. By reduction of the conventional dietary fats and their replacement with MCT fats is to ensure the digestion of fat and unpleasant Appl earth avoided.
Dietary fats (triglycerides): LCT and MCT
Dietary fats (triglycerides) are composed of glycerol and different fatty acids. The latter can be short-, medium – or long-chain. The type of fatty acid determines the property of the fats and the importance to human nutrition. Usual dietary fats, such as Butter, Margarine, plant fats and oils contain triglycerides with long-chain fatty acids, so-called LCT-oils and fats (long-chain triglycerides, engl.: long chain triglycerides).
The process of digestion of fat this fat is complicated and prone to failure, if there is a tendency to digestive disorders, for example, in the case of chronic inflammatory intestinal diseases or diseases of the digestive organs, for example, in the case of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Much less digestive effort need fats consist of medium-chain fatty acids. MCT fats can be directed in the gut, quickly and easily, without splitting due to bile acids and enzymes (Lipas s), in the mucosal cells of the small intestine and directly into the blood delivered.
MCT-fats as a solution for fat malabsorption disorders
MCT-fats occur naturally in coconut oil, palm kernel oil and in minimum quantities in milk fat. Through a special process from coconut oil and palm kernel oil pure MCT are recovered oils and fats whose fatty acids have a length of 6 to 12 carbon atoms. Already since 1965, special fats from are medium-chain Trigyceriden as a dietary food available. By MCT fats fat utilization disorders, as well as the often associated weight loss can be improved and the supply of fat-soluble vitamins are saved.
The dietetic food industry offers MCT-specialty products such as Margarine, Oil, cheese, Turkey, cream, and chocolate cream with MCT fats. The products are available via mail order or in the reform of the house available.
Practical recommendations on the use of MCT fats
- LCT-fats should mostly be due to MCTS replaced, the level to be initially in small quantities in the diet introduced. The body needs to adjust to the intake and the utilization of these fats, otherwise it can lead to complaints such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, Nausea, vomiting, or headache.
- Starting with 20 grams of MCT fats per day the Patient with a daily increase of 10 grams can tolerate about 100 to 150 grams as a daily amount.
- A uniform distribution over several meals a day is recommended. Foods with a high proportion of LCT fat (hidden fat in meat, sausage, cheese, ready meals, or sweets) are favorable to reduce.
- MCT fats are not suitable for high heat over 150 degrees, as compared to LCT has a lower smoke point.
- With MCT-fat prepared foods should be immediately after Cooking to be consumed, as the hot leads, keep food to a bitter aftertaste.
MCT is The fat that leads to Obesity
An eight-week, at the Charles University in Prague study (2 x 4 weeks Cross-over, blind), in 35 female subjects took part, showed that, when consuming MCT-containing food compared to LCT-containing can be supplied more calories, without increasing the Weight. In the study also showed, surprisingly, that the exchange of LCT-fats with MCT fats, the demand for energy is rising. MCT fats are therefore suitable for the prevention of Obesity. It is likely that the use of MCT fats leads to Overweight to weight reduction.
A weight reduction in Overweight is primarily achieved when a carbohydrate – and fiber-rich fare reduction is carried out with, for example, 1200 to 1800 calories. If the amount of grease supplied in particular to MCT-fats, can exploit the effect, and thus, calories are saved. In the case of the MCT subjects in the Prague study, the energy requirement was increased to a daily average of 135 kilocalories (extrapolated 49.275 kilocalories per year).