Folic acid is a Vitamin of the B family. This Vitamin is necessary for the processes of cell division and thus the formation of new cells. Our body is constantly making new cells. Therefore, folic acid plays an indispensable role. Folic acid is especially found in green, fresh, uncooked vegetables. Pregnant women have a twice as high demand for this Vitamin. More recently, the use of folic acid in colorectal cancer and in the prevention of atherosclerosis will be discussed.
Properties of folic acid
The Vitamin folic acid is very susceptible to heat, light and air. Through changes in food processing, storage, and incorrect preparation leads to high losses of folic acid in the food. For example, much less folic acid in ready-made meals than fresh cooked food. For this reason, an additional intake may be recommended folic acid. Vitamin B12 activates folate in the body. Therefore, Vitamin B12 is the necessary content of folic acid is important.
Foods with folic acid
The following foods contain folic acid:
- Varieties Of Cabbage, Lettuce
- Nuts (Almonds)
- green leafy vegetables, spinach
- Asparagus, Bananas
- Whole-grain products
- Wheat germ
- Liver (Beef Liver)
The requirement of folic acid
Today, the daily requirement of folic acid with food will be covered. This is partly due to the fact that only about 25 percent of the folic acid from the food is present in free Form and through the intestines. The daily requirement of folic acid is usually in the 150 micro-grams.
An increased need have Pregnant in the first place. Women with desire for children and in pregnancy should cover the latest findings, according to your needs 600 micrograms of folic acid. For cell formation and cell division of the child’s necessary needs of this Vitamin. A critical role folic acid plays in order to protect against damage to the nervous system and neural tube defects in the newborn. In addition, children and young people need more folic acid for the growth of the cells. Alcohol and certain drugs inhibit the usability of folic acid. Therefore, also in these cases, a sufficient supply is taken into account.
Folic acid deficiency
A lack of folic acid can occur, especially in young women. The cause a pregnancy, or increased blood loss during Menstruation. A folic acid deficiency is manifested by changes in the blood picture and digestive disorders.
Particularly serious consequences may have an under-supply for the growing fetus. Early or stillbirth, developmental disorders and malformations can be the result. The probability of occurrence of a neural tube defect, also known as the open back of the known, is increased in folic acid deficiency. Therefore, folic acid in pregnancy can be necessary. In the case of an Overdose of this Vitamin any side effects or unwanted symptoms to occur.
Preparations with folic acid
The daily requirement of folic acid, are an opportunity to use special preparations containing this Vitamin. This can be especially important for women with desire for children and in pregnancy. A large number of different preparations were developed. Femibion® and Folio®, as well as Orthomol Natal® are examples of dietary supplements that contain folic acid. The preparations are usually in combination with Iodine and Vitamin B12 in the form of a tablet available in the pharmacy.