How to respond to head injuries in children
Often a Baby is just turning for the first Time on the changing table, if you leave it alone for a while. Or the first crawling attempts to lead straight to an unsecured staircase. Nearly half of all accident injuries in the home are caused by falls, and often the child lands on his head. Because of the severity of a head injury is to assess from the outside so hard, it must be observed the child for a long time after the accident to complications.
Symptoms may be delayed possible
For example, a slight force trauma to the head, the looks to be considered a rather harmless can trigger bleeding on the Inside. By the pressure of the exiting blood, it can lead to tissue damage in the brain. The Tricky thing is: The symptoms of injury may appear considerably later than the overthrow, namely, only after 24 to 48 hours! Even serious injuries are not always immediately: First, only a few symptoms show up, hours later, the child’s condition deteriorates dramatically.
Typical Head Injuries
By a violent trauma to the head, different injuries can arise, for example:
Concussion: The most common and easiest consequence of a head injury. The child is usually immediately, but only for seconds to a few minutes unconscious. Sometimes the unconsciousness is so short that you will not be noticed by the Help. Typical symptoms are dizziness, headache, a reminder of the gap in relation to the accident, Nausea, and vomiting. The child looks tired or drowsy; it can be delayed (after about 30-60 min.) to vomiting several times.
The base of the skull fracture is indicated by the Escape of blood or watery nerve water from the nose, mouth, or ear. Characteristic bruises are one or both eyes (called Ecchymosis), but only later. The child is often unconscious, and sometimes convulsions occur. Organs of the inner ear are affected, it can lead to dizziness, Nausea, and vomiting.
Brain contusion, brain contusion: – force trauma to the head the blood vessels to burst under the skull. The thereby forming bruise can put pressure on the brain. Either the child is immediately unconscious, or loses with a time lag, sudden awareness. It is also possible that it complains of increasing headaches and then Nausea, vomiting, hiccup, paralysis and mental changes (agitation, lethargy, memory disorders). The pressure is not relieved, consciousness disorders up to coma as a result. The child is in mortal danger and in urgent need of intensive medical care.
Actions after a fall with head injury
- You provide him with age-appropriate, clear questions, such as: “You Know, where are You?”, Shall I read You a story?” Go watch your child carefully for any unusual changes in behavior.
- Store it flat with slightly raised head, to cover it warm, and make sure you rest.
- Try to calm the child (give him a familiar stuffed animal, tell them a favorite story); it should, however, not to fall asleep.
- Regularly check pulse and breathing. You leave the child alone.
- Contact your doctor on emergency if: the child is unconscious, gushing vomiting, sleepy or is in a daze, abnormal behavior shows severe headache, seizures, liquid (watery or bloody) from the nose or ear discharge, the pupils of the child are unequal in size.
In the case of loss of consciousness and regular breathing:
- Inform the emergency medical.
- You bring the child in the stable side position (for children under two years of age in the stable belly position), in order to keep the airway clear.
- Hold the time duration of the unconsciousness.
- Regularly check pulse and breathing.
In the case of cardiac and respiratory arrest:
- Inform the emergency medical.
- To immediately begin mouth-to-nose resuscitation and cardiac massage.
- Continue with the measures until the ambulance!
How to prevent head injuries?
- You make your home safe for children: the window should only be tilted or bars to be secured. The Same is true for stairs and balconies: they should be protected with a railing or bars. For corners and pointed edges of furniture, there are special plastic caps.
- Non-slip socks Toddler or Slippers with a small child at home and in the nursery for safety.
- You have a child on changing table, high chair, crib, or stroller never unobserved.
- Run-of-learning AIDS (e.g., first, baby Walker, Walker school) are not recommended. They can cause accidents in which children severity of head injuries suffer.
- On a Bicycle, the helmet is to in children a duty!
- Game and climbing frames or swings a significant risk of falling. Let especially small children unattended playing there. These stands are on a soft soil or grass reduces the risk considerably.