Iodine deficiency prevention
Iodine is a trace element. It is for the human body in small amounts, essential for life, because the body Iodine can not produce itself. Iodine is needed for the production of thyroid hormones. They are involved in all metabolic processes in the body and increase the energy sales. When the thyroid gland produces less thyroid hormones than the body needs, it comes to an under-supply of the organism with thyroid hormones. This deficiency affects all the organs of the body that are affected by the thyroid hormones, e.g., on the heart, circulatory system, nervous system, muscles and metabolism.
Iodine deficiency: thyroid affected
In the foreground of the complaints that are triggered by the lack of function of the affected organs. The concentration of thyroid hormones in the blood drops, is introduced via the brain, the production of additional thyroid hormones. For this purpose, Iodine is needed. The iodine supply is not sufficient, it is suggested the production of thyroid hormones. In the result, the thyroid gland increases tissue. The thyroid gland grows. A goiter: goiter is the result.
Iodine deficiency: consequences of the lack of
Especially for children, adolescents, and Pregnant women with a sufficient iodine supply is indispensable. A lack of thyroid hormones leads in neonates and small children to a disorder of brain maturation, of growth, of maturation of the skeletal system and the respiratory. In the case of young people, a lack of thyroid hormones leads to disruption of brain development with learning and concentration problems and change in structure of the thyroid gland.
A lack of thyroid hormones in Pregnant women affects the development of a growing Foetus. Also, breastfeeding mothers have an increased iodine requirements will, as you need to cover the iodine requirements will of the infant through the mother’s milk. In adults the metabolism of slopes, the regulation of the circulatory system, fertility, mental well-being and intellectual performance of a sufficient supply of iodine.
The most common cause of thyroid enlargement (= goiter) iodine deficiency (= goiter). As goiter (= Struma) refers to a thyroid enlargement, irrespective of the thyroid function. It can go hand in hand with hypothyroidism, but also hyperthyroidism. Often, the thyroid function goiter patient is completely normal (Euthyreose).
Iodine deficiency: disorders treat
About 15 million German citizens due to iodine deficiency is an enlarged thyroid gland. Half of all patients suffering from an enlarged thyroid, have developed goiter in Childhood and youth. Half of the 13-year-olds in Germany have an enlarged thyroid and about 1% of newborns have already come up with a goiter.
Normally, the thyroid gland is not visible or palpable. In goiter, the thyroid gland is enlarged, so strong that they can cause breathing and swallowing difficulties. Many of the shield are not glands found magnifications, however, because the Affected have no complaints, and the enlargement is not visible or palpable.
An enlarged thyroid can be reduced by the intake of Iodine in the form of tablets. The thyroid gland is enlarged already to the thyroid hormones to be taken, so that the thyroid tissue is. The thyroid tissue is formed, because the thyroid gland does not work any more.
Iodine deficiency avoid
The lack of Iodine in the diet, it is recommended by the German nutrition society and other associations, the use of iodized salt. Per kilogram of it contains 15 – 25 mg of Iodine. When buying food and food preparations should be taken to ensure that in their production of iodized salt were used.
The necessary daily amount of 5 g of iodized salt can not be achieved by Zusalzen. The use of iodized salt is also recommended for people suffering from thyroid disease. Incompatibilities in the use of iodized salt has not yet been observed. By the use of fluorine-enriched iodized salt, you can make an additional contribution to the prevention of caries.
80% of German households already use regular iodized salt for cooking. Nevertheless, they cover only an estimated two-thirds of their Jodbedarfs. Eating twice a week fish (e.g. haddock, saithe, plaice), so you need to think about possible iodine deficiency, Worry no more, because fish especially containing iodine.
Regular visits to the sea is a further possibility to improve the iodine supply in iodine deficiency. The sea air and the sea water have a higher iodine content. Fish people who live on the coast or near the sea, which is regularly on the dining plan, so that iodine deficiency is more likely to be diagnosed rarely.