Knee pain in children

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Knee pain in children


Knee pain is relatively common in children. Mostly harmless a growth pain behind the discomfort, especially at night noticeable. During physical exertion, the pain does not occur often. However, knee problems are also other causes: severe pain that occur for example after a fall during sports, can indicate a knee injury. Also come in children and adolescents, diseases such as Osgood-Schlatter disease or Larsen-Johansson disease in question.

Growing pains as a cause

Almost 20 percent of all children suffering and growing pains. Are primarily affected children and young people between 4 and 6 as well as 10 and 16 years of age. The knee pain is mostly at night and especially at the front of the knee is noticeable. Often they radiate in the upper or lower leg. Typical for growth pains that, in addition to the knee pain with no accompanying symptoms.

Thus growing pains are caused is not yet known. Usually no medical treatment is needed, because the complaints with a period of time to subside. Cool and physical indulgence can contribute to the knee to subside the pain faster. In rare cases, the ingestion of a pain it can be using useful. Ask a doctor or pharmacist for advice.

Even if growth pain, not to be treated should be excluded other causes, such as rheumatism, tumors, as well as the Larsen-Johansson disease or Osgood-Schlatter disease by a doctor. Complains your child about knee pain and to keep the complaints longer, you should consult therefore, it is important to see a doctor.

Damage to the knee as the cause

Knee pain can be a sign for sporty and active children on an injury to the knee. Just, if your child is brought down to the Sport or the knee has twisted, you should consult with persistent knee pain to a doctor: This can rule out an injury to the ligaments or of the meniscus.

Knee pain can also be due to an Overloading or a Joint deformity caused by: X – and O-legs pose especially the case of overweight children, a great strain for the knee. In the long term, may develop due to such a misalignment of osteoarthritis. In addition to a Joint deformity, it is also conceivable that the pain caused by muscular imbalances, such as through a shortening of the upper or lower leg muscles.

Rheumatic diseases as a cause

The knee swelling in children without any outward influence painful, can be a bacteria or virus triggered by joint infection is the cause (post-infectious Arthritis). It arises usually as a result of a previous inflammation. As a result of a respiratory infection or the stomach-intestinal tract, but also a tick bite. Acute joint infections in children are usually harmless and cause, with proper treatment, no permanent damage.

Chronic articular juvenile idiopathic Arthritis) inflammation (it can lead to a sustainable deterioration of the knee joint. What is exactly the cause for children’s rheumatism, is not yet exactly known. However, it is clear that the disease is a false reaction of the immune system.

That even children can suffer from rheumatism, is considered by many Physicians, however, rarely. If your child complains of pain about longer lasting knee, you should consider also this possibility into consideration.

Larsen-Johansson Disease

In the case of the Larsen-Johansson disease is severe pain due to an inflammatory reaction of the origin of the patellar tendon. Under certain circumstances, can remove pieces of bone from the kneecap, and death. It is believed that the disease is triggered by an Overload.

Are at risk, in particular, physically active, male adolescents who have certain risk factors. These include, among other things, a hollow-cross, above-average body size as well as muscular imbalances. By a conservation of the joint, the discomfort usually subside with time. Until they are completely gone, it can take several months.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

In the case of Osgood-Schlatter disease is an irritation of the upper approach of the patellar tendon. Similar to the Larsen-Johansson disease may die in the process, individual pieces of bone. Trigger is an Overuse of the knee joint is here, too, probably. Affects primarily boys between eleven and twelve years of age. Girls are considerably less frequently and when in a slightly higher age.

The knee pain occurs when a load, such as the knees, as well as the routes of the leg. Typically also a smaller collection at the upper end of the shinbone, just below the kneecap. A break from Sport, as well as the avoidance of extension and flexion loads, the disease usually heals by itself. Here, too, however, it may take several months until the pain completely disappeared.

Osteochondrosis dissecans

Similar to Osgood-Schlatter disease, the Osteochondrosis dissecans occurs most frequently in male adolescents. The knee pain arise as a result of a cartilage-dying piece of bone and then replacing. As a free joint body – also known as joint mouse, can block the Cartilage of the knee joint.

Typical for Osteochondrosis dissecans are pain both at rest and also in motion, and recurrent swelling. While mild forms can be conservative treat, in more severe cases, SURGERY is necessary.

Radiating Hip Problems

When children suffer pain in the knee, the cause is always in the knee. For example, the pain can radiate from the hip to the knee, such as with Perthes disease, a children’s orthopaedic disease, the case.

Perthes disease primarily affects boys between the fifth and the ninth year of age, but can occur earlier or later. Thus, the disease to be triggered, is currently still unclear.

In the course of the disease there is blood circulation disorder as well as to the death of bone tissue in the hip area. In consequence, only the knee pain will not occur, but the mobility of the hip decreases and there is a developing limp. Both the conservative and the surgical treatment aims to relieve the pressure on the hip joint.