Menopause (climacteric): impact and consequences

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Menopause (climacteric): impact and consequences

Postmenopausal – that is, after the time the rule is bleeding come to an end – increasing the risk of diseases such as osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, age diabetes, or breast cancer.


The incidence of osteoporosis-typical bone fractures clear gender differences: women have a two – to three-fold higher risk of fracture than men. The fracture rates increase exponentially in older age. Estrogens promote the development of bone, by stimulating bone metabolism. Less estrogen after Menopause, the reduced overall effect by the corresponding factor.The risk for heart – and vascular diseases, age-dependent, when there is less natural Estrogens circulate in the blood. Estrogens protect the blood vessels because they increase the proportion of “good” HDL cholesterol (High Density Lipoprotein), which prevents atherosclerosis, and heart attack.

In Germany 240 000 women and 167,000 men to diseases of the circulatory system deaths annually. In the case of women the main cause of serious figures for moderate disease, and every other cause of death. Women in post-menopause women are affected more often than women before menopause. The vascular protective effect can only be used in the body’s own Estrogens detected. The taking of synthetic Estrogen prevents cardiac and vascular diseases. However, the WHI was terminated-study (Women’s Health Initiative), a broad-based study on hormone therapy that was actually conducted for the positive detection of this form of therapy. Under estrogen therapy and the risk for heart attack and stroke increased.

Body weight

The altered fat metabolism also affects the body weight because of the calorie requirements in the menopause decreases. The Affected do not change your eating habits or increase energy expenditure by moving more to the weight. For example, while in North Rhine-Westphalia, 22.8 percent of women between the ages of 40 and 49 years of age overweight Body Mass Index, BMI > 29) are (is this for 31.1 percent of 50 – to 59-Year-olds and 38.0 percent of 60 – to 69-Year-old. The risk to develop an age-diabetes increases.

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is in women in Germany, the most common cancer and the most common cause of death from cancer. Statistically, every eighth to tenth woman is affected in the course of their life, the average age at diagnosis is 63 years. According to the latest estimates by the Robert Koch Institute, more than 47 300 women with breast cancer, of which about 19 300 below the age of 60 years are diagnosed in Germany every year. Errors in cell division with increasing age more and more likely.

Family history, Smoking, alcohol consumption and Obesity are all relevant factors that increase the risk of disease. Similarly, hormone therapy leads to an increased risk of breast cancer. The Million Women Study, to ask a Million British women between the ages of 50 and 64 years use of sex hormones were, showed clearly that a hormone treatment the risk of breast cancer in relation to duration of intake increases.

back more article content

  • Menopause (climacteric): the concept and the sections
  • Menopause (climacteric) complaints and causes
  • Menopause (climacteric): impact and consequences
  • Menopause (Climacteric): Hormone Therapy
  • Menopause (Climacteric): Alternative Treatment