Mycoplasmas are tiny bacteria that cause in humans a number of disorders of the urogenital tract and the respiratory tract. A part of them lives peacefully on the genital mucous membranes, without us noticing it. Sometimes Mycoplasma from, however, diseases – Mycoplasma infections.
Mycoplasmas are the smallest and simplest known organisms, which reproduce themselves. Unlike the other bacteria you have, instead of a cell wall, only a thin membrane. The class, listen to you, and is therefore also referred to as Mollicutes (“Weichhäuter”). They are dependent on host organisms.
Their tiny size, simplicity, and lack of cell wall, and thus the deformability of set-up optimally for your parasitic existence, and allow them to closely to the membranes of the host cells pin, or, if necessary, by sliding movements of the mobile. These survival mechanisms seem to be very effective – the Mollicutes are an estimated 65 million years old.
For the people that are relevant pathogen, Mycoplasma hominis, and Ureaplasma inflammation urealyticum for genitourinary infections, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae atypical lung. While the latter germ is always a disease-triggering, are commensal with the two other so-called, i.e., they normally live on their host without harming him. Sometimes, however, they trigger a local inflammation, v. a.
- of the urethra (Urethritis),
- but also of the prostate,
- of the renal pelvis,
- the vagina or uterus.
Also, progressive infection with fever and General symptoms can occur, and even for joints, for example inflammation of the Reiter’s syndrome seem to be the causative agent (eg, Ureaplasma urealyticum). Cause a reduced local or General weakness of the immune system, e.g. in the context of antibiotic therapy, cancer or after surgery or birth is likely.
Mycoplasma infection is a sexually transmitted
Mycoplasma infections are one of the sexually transmitted diseases that are passed during sexual intercourse. In addition, Ureaplasma urealyticum can be transmitted to over 50% during the pregnancy or birth of the child. Possible consequences include low birth weight, preterm birth, and respiratory and meningeal infections in the newborn. If Mycoplasma can also be used for miscarriages and infertility held responsible is disputed.
Whether and how many of mycoplasmas in the genital mucous membranes, domestic, depends heavily on the sexual activity and number of sexual partners. They are found in up to three-quarters of the women and 45% of men with frequently changing sexual intercourse. In the course of life, Most seem to be in contact with the germs to come – with almost 95 % of people, middle-age, antibodies against Mycoplasma are detected in the blood.
Mycoplasma infection: symptoms and signs
The complaints are mostly minor and uncharacteristic. They depend on where the inflammation is happening (vagina, bladder, ureter, prostate, kidney, renal pelvis, fallopian tubes, ovaries). Most common symptoms are an increased urge to urinate, discomfort and Burning sensation during urination, a yellowish discharge (Urethritis), and pain in the kidney (Pyelonephritis).
Mycoplasma: therapy and detection
Since mycoplasmas also occur in many Healthy, it does not clarify, whether the disease is really the cause. Be demonstrated when a child, Ureaplasma urealyticum, this can be an indication of sexual abuse. Undetectable germs by Cultivation on nutrient media. As the study material is from the man urine, ejaculate, Prostate fluid or a swab from the urethra, in the female, urine, or swabs from the cervix or urethra vagina in Pregnant women with fruit water or smears of the Amnion.
The result is after 6 days. The treatment is carried out at disease symptoms with antibiotics. However, not all are suitable, because agents such as Penicillin attack the cell walls. Since mycoplasmas do not have, they must resort to drugs with other mechanisms of action (e.g. Erythromycin). To avoid re-infection, should be treated in the sexual partner, even if you have no complaints.
- Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum settle also occur in Healthy to the genital mucosa.
- Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum can cause v. a. inflammation of the urogenital tract.
- The infection occurs through unprotected sexual intercourse or during pregnancy from mother to child.
- The therapy is carried out at disease symptoms with antibiotics.
- The sexual partner should also be treated.