Quinine-containing drinks are not for Pregnant women!
Tonic water or Bitter Lemon drinks will carry the note “contains quinine”. The reason for this is the least the consumer will know: Even if the enjoyment of quinine-containing beverages for the majority of the population is not a problem, it can be the consumption of larger quantities of individuals a health concern. “In particular, Pregnant women should, as a precaution, avoid the consumption”, says BfR President Professor Dr. Dr. Andreas Hensel.
Also people advised against by the doctor because of a particular disease or a Hypersensitivity to Cinchona alkaloids of quinine, should avoid quinine-containing beverages. To provide better Information to consumers about possible risks, the BfR (Federal Institute for risk assessment) recommends to extend the previous identification of targeted information for Pregnant women, and certain other at-risk groups.
Application of quinine
Quinine is a bitter-tasting, crystalline powder obtained from the bark of the Cinchona tree, Cinchona pubescens,. In medicine the Alkaloid for the treatment of Malaria and nocturnal calf is used cramps. Quinine is also used as a flavoring, especially in beverages such as tonic and bitter lemon sodas. In Germany, non-alcoholic soft drinks to a maximum of 85 milligrams of quinine per Liter (mg/L) may not contain.
Risk for Pregnant women
In larger quantities is consumed, can quinine health to be problematic. Possible risks, the BfR provides, in particular for Pregnant women: In the scientific literature, it is appearances on “deprivation” in a newborn is reported, whose mother drank during pregnancy is a day over a Liter of Tonic Water. 24 hours after the birth, it was found that the infant was shaking nervous. In his urine quinine could be detected. Two months later, these symptoms could not be observed.
Because of their slightly bitter taste of quinine-containing beverages are popular thirst-quencher, just drank in the summer months, in larger quantities, even for Pregnant women. More: on The Internet recommendations that pregnant women, the consumption of quinine-containing beverages is expressly advised to nocturnal calf to counteract cramps or morning sickness. The Council of the BfR in Pregnant women, however, to waive, as a precautionary measure quinine-containing beverages, is based on the use of quinine as a medicinal product – here a pregnancy is considered a contraindication.
Other At-Risk Groups
People, which is not recommended by the doctor due to certain diseases such as Tinnitus, damage to the optic nerve of the eye, certain forms of hemolytic anemia or a history of Hypersensitivity to Cinchona alkaloids of taking quinine, should avoid quinine-containing foods. Who has heart rhythm problems or medicines it occupies, the point quinine interactions, such as blood coagulation-inhibiting drugs, should drink quinine-containing lemonades after consulting with a doctor. With these recommendations the health protection in the food sector will be adapted to the measures to counter risks in the area of Pharmaceuticals, the BfR.
Better labelling required
Even today, quinine-containing drinks need to be marked. The BfR, however, holds further instructions for at-risk groups for as necessary as a comprehensive Information to consumers about possible adverse effects of quinine. The symptoms of a quinine intolerance, which can occur in existing Hypersensitivity after the consumption of small quinine quantities, are, in the opinion of the BfR in the population, little is known. As a unwanted effects in consequence of quinine shots, especially Tinnitus, blurred vision, confusion, or bleeding of the skin and blood are effusions. In these cases no quinine should be consumed and a physician be consulted.