Red wine the elixir of life – also for the vessels
The Mediterranean diet is rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals as well as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids from vegetable Oils or sea fishing. Another important component of the Mediterranean diet red wine grapes in the Form of red wine, regularly drank but moderately to the meal. Moderate consumption of red wine to food is one of the French “savoir vivre”. The red wine phenols from red wine and vitamins from a diet with lots of fruits and vegetables can protect, neutralize free radicals and vascular changes. The components of the Mediterranean diet have a significant contribution to the maintenance of a healthy cardiovascular system. Mediterranean cuisine is heart healthy enjoyment, also in Germany.
The “French Paradox”
French feasting and “sinful” for her life. You should assume that this “life change” and its effect on health. Mais non, quite the contrary: The risk of a heart attack in France for men and women between the ages of 40 and 69 years is only half as high compared to other countries. And, although the French eat the same fatty, and even more cigarette Smoking compared with the Rest of the Europeans.
This phenomenon (lower mortality rate from cardiovascular diseases compared to other industrial Nations, although the risk factors of Smoking, such as cigarettes, food with a high fat content are comparable to high) is referred to as the “French paradox”. Here is the question of “Why is now”. The diet can Vision is scientifically justified?
The answer is as a bright as a paradox: It is the regular consumption of red Wine, to make for “good” health. C’est vrai! The French drink more red wine than we Germans do it – but the decisive factor is the daily amount of moderate consumption of Alcohol. At the same amounts of alcohol consumed, the infarction rate in men in Belfast is compared to the French, more than four times as high. Crucial for the positive health effects of red wine should therefore be a steady, but moderate enjoyment, and of course the red wine, per se.
What makes the red wine the elixir of life?
Already for a long time it was believed that moderate red wine consumption is beneficial to health. At the beginning of the 90s, two researchers were the scientific evidence. In 1992, two French scientists Renaud and de Lorgeril found in a field experiment, that red wine has a preventive health effect, for example in relation to atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
Since then it is tirelessly researched at the international level to the ingredients of red wine and now has more than 500 components are found, including proteins, sugars, acids, Tannins and pigments, mineral substances, trace elements as well as aromatic and bouquet substances.
Red wine-phenols – A reason for the French paradox
But what are the ingredients gave the red wine, the myth of a long and healthy life? It is primarily the bioactive red wine phenols which account for the red, 0.2%, included in the white wine, however, only 0.01%. While white wine is made from the pressed juice of the grape, the rich Red of the red wine because whole grapes and shell be mashed. So the health-promoting substances from the skin and seeds of red grapes is in a glass – well, A votre santé!
What are phenols?
Phenols belong to the group of secondary plant substances. It is in this class of substances to the products of the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and amino acids. Phenols consist of an aromatic ring system, a and polyphenols, for at least two alcoholic groups are bound.
Due to the manufacturing process of red wine, the crushed grapes for several days with the grape juice remain in the “maceration” in contact, it comes in red wine, to an enrichment of the primarily in the grape skins and seeds contained polyphenols. In contrast, pressed for white wine production, the grape juice and then fermented separately. Red wine therefore contains a much higher concentrations of polyphenols (1500 – 4000mg/ l) than white wine (200 – 500mg/ l).