Saffron: Expensive, but healthy
The spice saffron is known for centuries as a luxury item. Already the father of the gods, Zeus is said to have spent his nights in a bed of saffron, it is said, at least in Greek mythology. Also in the case of the Romans it was the custom in the wedding of saffron night to distribute threads on the bed.
This Ritual used to be a costly affair, and even today, the spice is extremely expensive: For one gram of saffron, the price can be up to 14 euros. This is mainly due to its tedious extraction. Because saffron is for some of the dishes are, however, indispensable, and also has a positive effect on our health can have an impact, it is worthwhile to grab for the exotic spice and deeper into the bag.
Ingredients of saffron
Saffron has a bitter-sharp taste that comes with a normal dose of spice. The bitter taste is due to the bitter substance Picrocrocin (saffron-bitter). When Dry, it forms the Aldehyde, Safranal, which is for the typical saffron taste. In addition to Safranal, however, additional flavoring substances are included, such as, for example, isophorone,. The gold yellow color, the accept with saffron flavored dishes, is due to the carotenoid Crocin. Due to its intense colour, saffron was mainly used earlier also to the coloring of various materials.
100 grams of saffron have around 350 calories (kcal). The majority of the spice is made up of carbohydrates (61.5 percent). In addition, water (11.7 percent), protein (11.4 percent), fat (5.9 per cent) and dietary fibre (3.9 percent). In addition, saffron is rich in the minerals Calcium, potassium, Magnesium, and iron materials. In addition, it also contains Vitamin C and small amounts of Vitamin A.
Saffron has its price
The Name saffron comes from the Arabic and translated means ‘yellow’. The spice is obtained from the saffron Crocus (Crocus sativus), which is mainly found in Asia minor and the Mediterranean. More specifically, the stigmas of the flower are used. In order to obtain a Kilo of saffron, between the required 150,000 and 200,000 plants. The harvesting and processing of the spice can only be done by Hand, on a day, a picker brings it to about 70 grams.
The high cost of production explains why the spice is so expensive. The price in the trade varies depending on the quality of between four and 14 euros per gram. Thus, saffron is considered the world’s most expensive spice. The high saffron price is due also to the fact that the spice can only be harvested once per year, namely in autumn.
Health benefits of saffron
Saffron is used for cooking and baking in the kitchen. That saffron can also be if you have health issues, know the least. In this case, the spice has been used for centuries as a healing agent. So it was formerly, among other things, liver and eye diseases as well as gout and Asthma, and applied.
In the case of the ancient Greeks, saffron was also regarded as a Woman’s remedy, because it acts as antispasmodic. So a pinch of saffron is stirred for alleviate in a glass of milk menstrual pain. Also soothing on the stomach a tea to work with saffron: A blend of peppermint, fennel, and lemon balm (a teaspoon) mixed with three saffron threads to help with Nausea and vomiting.
Saffron is beneficial for the digestion
In addition, saffron is also known that it promotes the digestion and the circulation. Some people believe, therefore, that you will lose weight by eating the spice. Scientifically, this statement could not be confirmed, however. The first scientific studies exist, however, about the possible antidepressant effect of saffron. The spice has a mood-enhancing, probably due to the fact that the ingredient Safranal makes the Serotonin content and the ingredient Crocin, the dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the body increase. Detailed studies are also here.
In spite of its positive effects on our health, one should not overdo the saffron consumption is not in large quantities saffron is a dangerous drug. Excessive consumption is a strong salmon lovely as well as heart initially, palpitations and dizziness, but later it can lead to hallucinations, as well as to a paralysis of the Central nervous system, which has the result in death. Due to the strong salmon stimulus to the beginning of the saffron is also known as the ‘cheerful, laughing death’.
Delicious recipes with saffron
Who would like to experiment with saffron in the kitchen, you should first pay attention to the fact, to protect the expensive spices from moisture and light, because otherwise saffron whitens and loses its aromatic flavor. Best to keep him in a solid waste in sealable glass or metal container. However, when cooking caution: do not cook the spices for too long, because of its typical taste dissipated otherwise. Best to soak the saffron in a thread just for a few minutes in some warm water and give the liquid to the actual dish at the end.
In the kitchen there are many delicious recipes with saffron, the most popular dishes include the Spanish rice dish Paella, French fish soup, Bouillabaisse, Italian Risotto alla milanese, or the Swedish pastries Lussekatt, among other things. Except in the kitchen, saffron is used but also in the cosmetic field: it is included, for example, in certain perfumes, or shower baths.