Sterilization of the woman
Sterilization of the woman is one of the safest methods of contraception. It is even safer than taking the Anti-Baby-pill. However, the procedure should be well considered, because it is difficult to reverse. It can also come through the Operation, which takes place under General anesthesia, side effects such as a violation of the peritoneal bands. In General, the procedure is significantly more complicated than a sterilization of the man – this carries almost no risks. Here you can learn more about the procedure, risks and cost of a female sterilization.
In the case of a Sterilisation is a procedure by which an artificial infertility is generated. Thus, the OP is regarded as a method of contraception. A female Sterilisation is also called tubal sterilization. When man speaks of a vasectomy.
In the case of women will take place after the sterilization, ovulation continues as usual. The Egg moves but not through the fallopian tube towards the uterus but in the abdominal cavity. There it is broken down by the body. Sterilization is a very safe method of contraception. Statistically only 1 out of 1,000 women will be seen after the procedure pregnant (Pearl Index of 0.1). Thus, the method is even safer than the contraceptive of the contraceptive pill. This has a Pearl-Index from 0.1 to 0.9.
The production of hormones, the menstrual cycle and sex drive will not be affected by a successful intervention. Some women feel after the SURGERY is even much more desire for Sex, because they fear an unwanted pregnancy. Others suffer in fact, to be infertile. That is why it is definitely important to take enough time for the decision.
The expiration of the sterilization
The sterilization of the woman is in contrast to vasectomy, the man under General anesthesia and takes about 60 minutes. Thus, the typical risks of General anesthesia such as disorders of the cardiovascular system, breathing problems, hoarseness and neck pain as well as Nausea and vomiting are also for this procedure. The Operation can be performed either outpatient or inpatient.
The procedure is often carried out by means of a laparoscopy, and more rarely through an abdominal incision. In the sterilization itself is also different methods can be distinguished. Usually the fallopian tube by a plastic or metal clamp closed (Clip method), or by heat-degraded (thermal coagulation). Partly, it is in addition also separates a section of the fallopian tubes.
A relatively new procedure is the some couples method, for which no General anesthesia and no surgery are necessary. In the framework of a hysteroscopy in soft micro-spirals in the fallopian tubes. Through the spirals of the growth of connective is stimulated tissue, which can lead to at the earliest after three months, a closure of the fallopian tubes. If there is already a safer prevention protection, can be determined by an x-ray examination.
Female sterilization: side effects and complications
During a sterilization in the male, hardly any risks, and hardly any side effects, can occur in women significantly more complications, including the following: • Stronger, irregular period • ectopic pregnancy • damage to the peritoneal ligaments
It comes to a damage of the peritoneal ligaments, this can have an under-supply of the ovaries. This, in turn, it is possible that it comes to a premature occurrence of the menopause.
Every woman should consider well, whether you want to really sterilize, or not. The procedure can be made only hard – much harder than for men – back. As in the case of women, sterilization is also associated with more risks, should be carried out of engagement only when he is really needed and useful.
In General, in the case of certain methods is easier to make the sterilization reversed. The OP therefore, it is important your doctor on this issue. In the case of the procedure – Refertilisierung called, removes the scarred Bodies of the ovaries and the Ends are then re-sewn together. Since this needs very much experience, you will be offered SURGERY only by specialist Physicians.
Refertilisierung not always successful
Even if the Refertilisierung is successful, the probability of becoming pregnant is less than prior to sterilization. Depending on the method used, between 30 and 75 percent of the affected women are pregnant again. It is, however, increased after the procedure the risk for ectopic pregnancy. A child despite sterilization, preferably, therefore, part of a Refertilisierung artificial insemination.
Due to the far-reaching consequences, many Physicians children’s rates of loose women until the age of 35. Age to a sterilization process. Because in younger women the desire to have children after 30. Age once again change. Statistics show that a lot of women, the very young, sterilize, regret this decision later.
The health insurance covers the cost?
The cost for a sterilization a woman will no longer be accepted today in the rule of the health insurance Fund. This is especially true if the procedure is carried out only on the basis of the personal life planning. Exceptions are, however, a tube of sterilizations which are not medically necessary. Here the cost of the insurance to be carried. Also of private funds, the costs are covered only when the procedure is performed for health reasons. The cost for a sterilization to be between 600 and 1,500 euros.
Medical reasons can be, for example, if the birth of a child, for the wife would be due to their physique to dangerous. Also other health causes, such as, for example, dangerous hereditary diseases, due to which women should not have children, be accepted.