The consequences of Obesity
Not every pound over the normal weight makes you sick. But, as before, Overweight if it is over a longer period of time, is a precursor for many diseases. Often the first complaints of shortness of breath while climbing stairs, sleep apnea (for more than ten seconds of sustained cessation of Breathing during sleep), increased welding tendency, cross -, and joint pain.Much more dangerous but accompanying and secondary diseases that develop slowly over years or decades. Today, many chronic diseases and disorders caused by obesity or made worse.
Follow – up and comorbidities
According to Professor Arnold Astrup from Copenhagen (9th European Congress on Obesity, ECO, June 1999, Milan) for Obese a more than three-fold higher risk for developing normal-weight, in the following diseases:
- Diabetes mellitus type 2
- Gallbladder diseases
- High blood pressure
- Fat metabolism disorders
- Sleep apnea
Two to three times more frequently than at normal weight.
- coronary heart disease
Obese also have an increased risk (up to twice as likely) for:
- certain cancers (uterine, breast, cervical, prostate and gall bladder cancer)
- Sex hormone disorders
- Back pain
Obesity also increases the risk of thrombosis and embolism risk and are at increased risk during surgery and anaesthesia. Obesity leads to psychosocial problems and limitations in the quality of life. Affected often suffer from depression, a decreased self-esteem, as well as a lower recognition by the environment.
Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome
Insulin resistance occurs when elevated insulin levels are present, simultaneously, a reduced responsiveness of the body to the action of insulin. The most common cause of this is Overeating with easily digestible carbohydrates. The pancreas produces more and more Insulin, so that finally the blood sugar level drops. Nevertheless, this remains as a result of the formation of resistance to Insulin. Results are Diabetes mellitus type 2 and an exhausted pancreas.
Each Kilo less increases the life expectancy
Being overweight is not only a serious threat to the health, but can mean, in addition to the various health restrictions, including a shortening of the life time. The mortality risk is already at a moderately elevated BMI (= 27) is 1.3-fold higher than those of normal weight. At a BMI of 35 it increases to as much as 2.5 times. This risk can however be due to lose weight counteracted.