The world of Cognac
Cognac is so famous that he is often used as a Synonym for the generic wine brand. You can learn more about this unique noble drink, that the connoisseurs around the world fascinated. Cognac is produced by the Burning of the wines of a certain Region according to specified rules. Therefore, Cognac is a brandy of a special kind.
Where’s the Cognac?
The area of origin of Cognac is located in the South-West, about 80 km North-East of Bordeaux. Its landscape is called “Charente” after the main river in the Region. The name for the drink is the capital of the Charente, the town of Cognac. The climate is characterised Charente by the relatively cool Atlantic climate. With only 7% Vol. Alcohol and 10g/l acid, the product as a drinking wine would not be marketable. But by the double Burn of the wine of Cognac is to an incomparably complex, the Mature product of approximately 40 % Vol.
Why is Cognac worth the price?
Cognac is primarily a set of production rules. From 10 barrels of wine, you get about 1 barrel of Cognac. Only the heart piece of the second fire, the “coeur”, the purest and best used for cognac production. Cognac must be at least two and a half years with the manufacturer in wooden barrels and stored. Most of the Cognac, however, are far older, and may also include components of more than 50 – or 100-year-old Cognac from the Treasury, the “Paradis”.
Per year approximately 4% of the Cognac evaporates in the barrels of the producer. This “the angel’s share” (La Part des anges) corresponds approximately to the exported quantity of Cognac per year. The young distillate, “Eau-de-vie”, is stored in wooden barrels made of Limousin or “Troncais” oak. This wood gives the brandy and the right” breathing and tannins (tannins). In many of the cognac houses own Fassküfer, “tonneliers” called to work today.
The grape varieties and the soils
In the good Cognac, you can feel the fruit of the grape. In the Charente, the white grape variety “Ugni Blanc” can be planted to 90%. It is called by the growers “St. Emilion”, but corresponds to the Italian Trebbiano variety. Furthermore, the grape varieties to be used “Colombard and Folle Blanc”. A good Cognac will taste not only wine, he has a brilliant, expressive Fullness with a champagne stick Finesse, he receives, in particular, due to the chalk soils. The classification of the Cognac to the origins takes place in dependence of the chalk content in the soil. The following classification of quality is:
- (1) Grande Champagne: approximately 35% chalk content
- (2) Petite Champagne: approx. 25% of chalk content
- (3) Borderies: approx. 15% chalk content
- (4) Fins Bois
- (5) Bons Bois
- (6) Bois Ordinaires
“Fine Champagne” means that at least 50% from “Grande Champagne”, the other part comes from the “Petite Champagne”. The origin areas are in a ring around the “Grande Champagne”. The further the wine is removed from this core grew, the faster he Matures in the rule and fruity Cognac.
The ages in Cognac
The age of the Cognac in the production will be officially classified according to the following classification:
- “VS” (Very special, 3 star): a minimum of two and a half years of Barrel-ageing
- “VSOP” (Very Special Old Pale, “VO”, 5 star): at least four and a half years of Barrel-ageing
- “XO” (Extra Old, Napoleon, “Vielle Reserve”): a minimum of six and a half years of barrel maturation.
Often Cognacs are longer than the statutory minimum stock of provisions stored. The quality of a Cognac is always based on the latest share in the compilation.
Cognac can be stored indefinitely. Drink it heated him to the room. At 18 to 20 degrees Celsius, he gives the best aroma and taste. Make sure to use the Tulip-shaped cognac glasses. Enjoy Cognac, for example, as a Digestif or when reading the newspaper or a good book.