Vitamin B1 – Important for the nervous system
Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble Vitamin, which plays in the body especially for the function of the nervous system a crucial role. Too little Vitamin B1 is taken, a Vitamin B1 deficiency, which can have in the body serious problems. A Vitamin B1 deficiency can prevent, is recommended the consumption of foods such as grain products, pork, certain types of fish as well as legumes.
Effect of Vitamin B1
Vitamin B1 in the body have a decisive influence on the Central and the peripheral nervous system. Here, it is mainly used for the transmission of Excitation between nerve and muscles of importance: Vitamin B1 the neurotransmitters GABA and Serotonin affects, and acts as an Antagonist of acetylcholine. Also on the metabolism of some neurotransmitters Vitamin B1 is involved. In addition, it plays an important role in the Regeneration of the nervous system after disease or trauma.
In addition, Vitamin B1 is involved as a coenzyme in the production of energy from food. Therefore, Vitamin B1 deficiency, particularly in carbohydrate metabolism, for severe disorders.
Vitamin B1 and Vitamin B6
The vitamins B1 and B6 are used together for the treatment of diseases of the nervous system. They influence various metabolic reactions, thereby supporting the body’s own function of the nervous system. Both vitamins are administered in respective disorders, because they work in combination better than in the case of a separate dose.
Vitamin B1 and Vitamin B6 are particularly useful for the Regeneration of the nervous system are important: they support the body’s own repair measures, by promoting the growth of nerve fibers. In addition, they are involved in the renewal of damaged nerves and a pain-relieving effect.
Vitamin B1 in foods
The daily requirement of an adult of Vitamin B1 is between 1.0 and 1.3 milligrams. Due to Stress, taking the Anti-Baby-pill, alcoholism as well as during pregnancy and lactation, the requirements may be slightly increased. The daily dose of Vitamin B1 can, for example, via the intake of the following food covered:
- 50 Grams Sunflower Seeds
- 100 Grams Of Pork
- 200 Grams Of Oatmeal
- 200 Grams Wild Rice
- 200 Grams Of Soy Beans
- 300 grams of plaice or tuna
Also, larger amounts of Vitamin B1 are contained in foods such as wholemeal flour, beef, and salmon, as well as in legumes, dairy products, and potatoes. Through a healthy, balanced diet, a Vitamin B1-deficiency in the rule, easily avoided.
In the preparation of the food, you should keep in mind that Vitamin B1 is water-soluble and, therefore, when cooking a part of the Vitamin into the cooking water. Since Vitamin B1 is extremely sensitive to heat, food with Vitamin B1 as gently as possible to prepare.
Vitamin B1 deficiency: causes and prevention
The body is fed over a period of two weeks, no Vitamin B1, are emptied in the body stored reserves to 50 percent. After 40 days, the Vitamin B1 supplies completely exhausted, the man is so dependent on a regular supply of Vitamin B1.
Most common cause of a Vitamin B1 deficiency, malnutrition and/or alcohol abuse. But also by Stress, Smoking, sports performance, stop taking the Anti-Baby-pill and pregnancy the risk for a Vitamin B1 deficiency increases significantly.
A Vitamin B1 deficiency can prevent, you should take into account in addition to a healthy diet, the following aspects:
- By the inclusion of refined sugar, the need of Vitamin B1 increases. Therefore, especially children, should not eat too many sweets.
- Acid-binding drugs, sulphur as a preservative, black tea, and alcohol decrease the Absorption of Vitamin B1.
- Alcohol also promotes the removal of Vitamin B1 in the body.
Vitamin B1 Deficiency: Typical Symptoms
A slight deficiency of Vitamin B1 can occur more frequently. It makes itself by symptoms such as indigestion and lack of appetite, as well as through the Central nervous system interference. This includes fatigue, depression and weakness of memory. Also, it can cause shortness of breath, rapid heart beat, and water retention (Edema).
A severe Vitamin B1 deficiency, symptoms strong Central nervous disorders such as paralysis as well as Sensory and brain function disorders occur. Moreover, it can lead to a drop in the pH value in the blood (metabolic acidosis) that can have a failure of the heart.
The Disease Beri Beri
A serious Vitamin B1 deficiency is over a longer period of time, this can lead to Beri Beri well-known disease. This is the result of a Vitamin B1 deficiency occurs today mainly in developing countries. In the case of Beri Beri it comes in addition to the above-mentioned symptoms in addition to symptoms such as a heart muscle weakness, or depression.
Characteristic Symptom of the vitamin deficiency disease, a skeletal muscle wasting, particularly of the legs to a significant functional constraint, however. Due to the muscle atrophy of the Affected is made more difficult.
Basically, in the case of Beri Beri in two different forms:
- Dry Beri Beri describes the neurological Form of the Vitamin B1-deficiency stressed occur in the predominantly neuritische disorders. These include muscle weakness, reflex disturbances, and sensory disturbances.
- Wet Beri Beri describes the edematous Form of vitamin deficiency, frequently Edema and heart failure may occur.
Overdose of Vitamin B1
An Overdose of Vitamin B1 is about the intake of food is not possible, since excess Vitamin B1 is excreted via the kidneys. In addition, the body can absorb through the digestive tract only small amounts of Vitamin B1. Thus, an Overdose can be caused only by the injection of a high dose – roughly a hundred times the daily dose.
In the case of an Overdose, it can cause an allergic reaction as well as headache, cramps, flushing, Nausea and heart rhythm disorders. To of an Overdose, prevent, should Vitamin B1 be only orally and not via an Infusion or syringe fed.