Vitamins of the B complex

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Vitamins of the B complex

Without the B vitamins the nerves, skin, hair, and the blood could no longer carry on with their normal tasks properly. Deficiencies must be compensated for. Here you can learn more about Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin b (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin), and Pantothenic acid, and Biotin.

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

Vitamin B1 has important functions in many enzymes that regulate the utilization of carbohydrates. In the case of deficiency of this Vitamin the body can not convert the carbohydrates to glucose (grape sugar). Our brain is dependent on glucose to function maintaining. Thiamine also plays a crucial role in the Transmission of signals in the nerves.

Since the body can store the Vitamin in a small quantity, it must be regularly supplied with food. An Overdose is not possible, since any Excess is excreted in Vitamin B1. The need is increased during heavy physical work or Work in great heat; the alcohol, the supply of thiamine can also threaten. Deficiency of Vitamin B1 is usually first to the nerves: fatigue, concentration problems and irritability, as well as unspecific symptoms such as weight loss, loss of appetite, muscle weakness or sleep disturbances can all be signs.

Thiamin, like most of the B vitamins, in the boundary layers of all kinds of cereals. Therefore, the supply of thiamine is in the use of peeled products is very low. Other sources of Vitamin B1 meat products, potatoes, or legumes.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Vitamin B2 has a key function in the metabolism, it can fuel the water of a Moleköl to another. Among other things, Riboflavin keeps the respiratory chain: oxygen is brought into the lungs into the blood, does all its work in the body and is subsequently excreted as carbon dioxide.

A deficiency of this Vitamin in a tear in the corner of the mouth or skin changes are noticeable, the pronounced deficiency can lead to inflammation of the mucous membranes. Vitamin B2 is found primarily in milk and milk products, meat, vegetables, and potatoes.

Niacin (nicotinamide – PP-factor and nicotinic acid)

Niacin is the summary designation for nicotinic acid and nicotinamide. Niacin is involved in many metabolic processes with which the body is in every cell in energy. Meat is the most important supplier of Niacin. Deficiency is not in the industrial Nations, actually, with the exception of heavy alcoholics. Niacin deficiency causes changes in the skin, disorders of the digestive tract and the nervous system.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

Vitamin B6 is actually a group of several similar substances, all of which have vitamin character. The Vitamin regulates the protein metabolism and plays a Central role in all cells. Vitamin B6 is found in almost all foods, but the Vitamin is very sensitive and can be destroyed by cooking.

Deficiency causes nervous disorders, dry skin and inflamed mucous membrane of the mouth. The Vitamin is also used for the treatment of diseases such as rheumatism or menstrual cramps. Some drugs, such as antiepileptic drugs, the pill, or tuberculosis, means to increase the need for Vitamin B6.

Pantothenic acid

This Vitamin is for the conservation and Regeneration of the cells. Pantothenic acid fürdert the energy metabolism of the skin cells and stimulates them to divide. Pantothenic acid is found in very many foods, such as eggs, liver, heart, milk, vegetables, legumes and whole grain products.


Biotin, also called Vitamin H, is known, especially for the brain, skin, hair, and nails is important. A lot of Biotin include beans, liver, eggs, nuts and soy. Biotin deficiency manifests itself in scaly eczema of the skin with inclination, brittle nails, and dull, spliced hair. For the treatment, there are tablets that must be taken in a daily dose of at least 2.5 mg over a longer period of time.

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

This Vitamin plays in the formation of red blood cells, an important role – without Vitamin B12, it’s possible add to the anemia. Since Vitamin B12 is produced exclusively by microorganisms, is able to feed only on animal products such as meat, fish, milk and eggs.

A deficiency can occur in the case of a strictly vegetarian diet or a severe gastro-intestinal disorders. The gastric mucosa is no longer able to form in this case, a substance for the absorption of Vitamin B12 is necessary. A complete deficiency leads to pernicious anemia. The therapy of this disease – the Vitamin must be injected.