What accidents do in case of Drowning?
In the scale of fatal accidents in children, he directly follows the traffic accident: the death by Drowning! 20% of children Affected are younger than 5 years. This is mainly due to the fact that in infants and small children even a small depth of water sufficient to bring you into a deadly danger. By the so-called diving reflex can occur during Immersion of face in cold water to respiratory arrest. Another Problem is that fewer and fewer children learn to Swim.
What is the meaning of Drowning?
Drowning means, by Definition, a death by suffocation due to immersion in a liquid.In the case of drowning emergencies, it is due to the Penetration of liquid or mud or vomit into the respiratory tract to acute oxygen deficiency, which can lead to cardiac arrest. Added to this is often a pronounced hypothermia, which is caused by the high thermal conductivity of the water. Alone, this sub-cooling can lead to complications, such as heart rhythm disturbances.
The sub-cooling reducing the oxygen consumption of the Affected. Thus, it can explain that the survival times extend to a cardiac arrest, for example after a break in the ice. In fact, there are cases in which children were no longer than an hour under water, however, have survived.
Important: you, as first responders, should begin immediately with the First aid measures and for as long as possible.
What do I need to do?
- The child of the mountain: Hold the child’s head above the water surface. Make sure you have a sufficient self-protection, e.g. in strong currents!
- They provide an emergency message. Let the child but not alone.
- If the child is conscious and responsive: Provide you with dry, warm clothing, and then soothe it.
- The child: breathes, you Bring it in the stable side position. Make sure that no foreign objects (i.e. Sand or plants) are found in the mouth of the child.
- In the absence of breathing: immediately Start with the ventilation. This measure should be continued until breathing is restored.
- In the absence of a pulse Immediately with the cardiac massage start. Here, too, the following applies: Only stop when respiration and circulation are working again!
Note: Every child who almost drowned, must continue to be medically monitored. Even a short lack of oxygen can cause organ damage that do not show until after 24 to 48 hours, or a complete organ failure (e.g., the lungs).
Anatomy Of A Child
The major reason for this is a peculiarity of the child’s anatomy. Children have relative to their total weight, heavy head, and therefore your focus is in the chest area and not, as in adults or older children, in the height of the belly button. Curious children lean over the glittering water surface of the pond or to rely on the shaky plastic edge of the paddling pool, then you can easily flip over and fall into the water. Because their neck muscles are not yet strong enough, children hardly out of their own strength to lift the head out of the water.
Therefore, at the frog pond in the same way as in the simple, inflatable paddling pool, no Matter how little water is in it – children should never be without supervision on and play in the water!
When planning be sure to check safety
Protection against Drowning provide natural barriers such as boxwood or rose hedges. Landscape integrated ramparts and gates are another, also visually delightful fuse. It is also useful tear-resistant nets and wire meshes, which are anchored a few centimeters below the water surface. With the time you put Patina and are almost invisible. For this, they work all the better if children fall into the water. The Little ones will not be wet, but.
Children under three years of age can not be based, however, on structural steel mats and nets. They always need supervision! Also, the pond in the neighbour’s garden can be dangerous, therefore, gates and passageways be so secured that they cannot be opened by small children or to climb over. Action The safe house