What attacks to do in case of cramp?
Since seizures are associated with severe symptoms, they are often extremely threatening. They are also in children is not so rare: About 4 percent will experience such a seizure once in the course of their Childhood. And you do not need to also immediately think of an epilepsy disease. The most common is a so-called opportunity seizures, such as febrile seizure, and it remains a unique Occurrence.
In the case of epilepsy patients, seizures occur repeatedly; but it is altogether rare: affects approximately 0.8% of the population. Often no direct cause can be found, in part, a hereditary predisposition is the trigger. In these cases, the epilepsy often occurs in children and young age. In addition, brain lesions of different origins can be the reason for the disease, such as birth defects, infections of the Central nervous system, traumatic brain injury, metabolic disorders, circulatory disorders of the brain, or brain tumors.
What is a seizure?
Seizures to establish if the normal electrical activity of the brain to another (abnormal) activity. This usually happens suddenly and without warning. Sometimes, a seizure can be triggered by external stimuli, for example, by the Flicker of a TV or computer. Due to the suddenly occurring electrical discharge of nerve cells in the brain muscle cramps are triggered, which lead to the typical image of a seizure.
What is a typical seizure?
- sudden loss of consciousness, the body becomes stiff, arms and legs are stretched, possibly also the back is overstretched muscles (tonic Phase).
- rhythmic muscular discharges in the arms and legs, such as twitching, Sagging of the extremities (clonic Phase)
- Eyes twisting, dilated pupils, foaming at the mouth
- Enuresis or Einkoten
- Changes of breathing (breathing pauses, röchelnde breathing, bluish discoloration of the skin, due to a lack of oxygen)
- “Nachschlaf” or “exhaustion of sleep”. After that, no memory of the seizure is usually present; the child is drowsy and in a daze.
- In infants and small children, seizures can be atypical. Then the attack is shown by a sudden Slacking of the muscles and the eyes twist. The child has a blank stare and breath can occur breaks (due to the lack of oxygen, the skin turns a grayish-bluish). Or is it short-term behavior show abnormalities, the child seems absent and non-responsive.
- You soothe the child
- You may want to protect it from injury, it can pull itself through the uncontrolled movements, remove tight clothing.
- Try not to twitch movements or restrict the child. Here, you can hurt it.
- There is a risk that the child bites on the tongue. Nevertheless: do not insert objects between the teeth, as this can lead to tooth fractures.
- No cramps anymore: Bring out the child in the stable side position (for children under two years of age in the prone position).
- You agree for an ambulance
- You continue to watch the breathing, to begin, possibly, a respiratory donation.
Important: After a seizure the child should be examined thoroughly, a brain disease ruled out as a cause. By explaining to the doctor the duration and type of seizure, you can help him in the diagnosis and treatment.
What do convulsions do for a Fever?
Febrile convulsions almost always are harmless. They are triggered by a sudden and rapid fever rise, associated with spasms and usually last only a few minutes. Affected infants and young children (up to the age of around 4. Years of age). About 35% of the children who had a febrile seizure, he appears in another fever infection are liable. Therefore, to be given to such children at an early stage, fever-lowering agents.
If this occurs repeatedly, moreover, the seizure should be breaking drugs in the house. No later than the third Time, the doctor will clarify whether the seizure is to be regarded as initial signs of epilepsy.