What you need to know about weight!

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What you need to know about weight!


Underweight people often have a “Beanstalk”, “Ironing Board” or “the asparagus are called the Tarzan” Who is extremely thin, it is not always easy. Also, from a medical point of view, means “thin” is not a “be healthy”. Nearly 2 million people in Germany are under-weight, such as from the data of the Federal Statistical office. Significantly more women are affected than men, especially in the age group between 14 and 29 years.

Similar values apply for the rest of the Western industrial countries: In the United States, around 3.5% of the population have too little weight on the scale, in France, nearly 5%. In contrast, almost 50% of adults in developing countries to easily. According to the guidelines of the world health organization WHO is underweight, who has a Body Mass Index (BMI = body weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) of less than 18.5.

Genetic predisposition and chronic diseases

The debate about anorexic Models has focused on the pathological BMI below 17 in the foreground. Of these, however, are not affected only people with reported eating disorders, but also those who do not grow easily or suffer from chronic diseases. Reasons for unintentional weight loss are often diseases also inflammatory bowel. As the cause can, for example, in question:

  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn’s Disease,
  • Tuberculosis,
  • Cancer

In AIDS patients, a sudden, unexplained weight loss can often be the first clue to the Virus infection.

Under-weight and under-nutrition

Anyone who is underweight, is not fed automatically. There are people who do not increase due to your individual metabolism and time of your life thin. In the Western industrial Nations such genetic factors or metabolic disorders are more likely to be the reason for weight than, for example, malnutrition in developing countries.

If one distinguishes between under-weight and under-nutrition, one must further distinguish between inadequate dietary intake and nutrient losses due to lack of or insufficient utilization on the other side. Patients with chronic inflammation in the mouth and throat area, for example, can only absorb limited nutrition, while patients with lactose intolerance can utilise the absorbed food is bad.

That eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia to under nutrition and under weight can lead to death, is not known. Much less is known, however, is that in older people, increased malnutrition, and therefore to weight. This loss of appetite, physical and mental limitations in addition to financial problems, and acute diseases are often a reason for the so-called “Pudding-seniors”.

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